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Item Name: Currency
Silver denarius of the Roman emperor Trajan (98-117AD), part of a hoard of 15 found by metal detecting at North Dalton in September 2006. Obverse: Laureate portrait facing right, legend: IMP TRAIANO AVGG GER DAC PM TRP. Reverse: Victory bending over inscribing a shield, Legend: COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC. Under Trajan (who many writers looking back viewed as the greatest emperor), the Roman empire reached its greatest extent, taking in the province of Dacia, (modern Romania) - hence the title DAC[icus] on this coin, i.e. 'conquorer of Dacia'. Trajan also extended the borders of empire well down the rivers Tigris and Euphrates in the middle east. His conquests proved unsustainable in the long term and some were given up by his successor Hadrian. In Rome, his Dacian campaign was commemorated on a sculptured column in the forum, which survives to this day.
ID_Number: ERYMS : 2007.70.2